Important: Know The Difference Between Cardiac Arrest, Stroke And Heart Attack, This Can Save Lives

dimanche 15 novembre 2015
Most people don’t know that there is a difference between a cardiac arrest, stroke and a heart attack. They use these terms interchangeably when referring to an acute heart related episode.
All of these problems are related to the heart. However, they affect the body differently, occur because of different reasons and manifest different symptoms.

If you or someone else around you experiences one of these problems, you need to be prepared to seek treatment before they become fatal. The only way you can prepare yourself is to know the difference between these heart problems.
Below, we present you the meaning of these terms, the symptoms and what to do when facing them.
Understanding the acute heart episodes
Heart attack
A disorder in the circulation is called a heart attack.
The blood filled with oxygen can sometimes be not able to reach the heart muscle. The heart muscle begins to die if the blockage is not removed.
This is when the heart attack occurs. During the heart attack, the person has pulse.
A cardiac arrest
A disorder of the “electrical” activity is called a cardiac arrest.
When chaos happens in electrical activity of the heart, blood is not pumped through the body and heart beats irregularly. This means that you are experiencing a cardiac arrest.
When a cardiac arrest occurs, the heart is not beating.
A disorder of the brain is called a stroke.
There are three different kinds of strokes:
• Ischemic stroke – brain cells begin to die, when blood rich in oxygen is not transported into the brain due to a block of the artery that carries this blood. This results in an ischemic stroke.
• Transient ischemic stroke – when the artery, carrying oxygen-rich blood, becomes blocked temporarily a mini stroke occurs.
• Hemorrhagic stroke – a ruptured artery inside of the brain destroys brain cells and causes hemorrhagic stroke.
The primary cause for a heart attack, cardiac arrest or a brain stroke is coronary artery disease.
The arteries that carry blood rich in oxygen to the heart or the brain become blocked by plaque buildup. This is coronary artery disease.
Common causes for plaque buildup are: high blood pressure, diet high in cholesterol, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, obesity and lack of physical activity.
The symptoms of a heart attack, a cardiac arrest and a brain stroke
The symptoms of a heart attack and a cardiac arrest are often similar. However, these conditions can be differentiated by the length of the symptoms and the accompanying symptoms.
The brain stroke symptoms are usually neurological.
Symptoms of a heart attack
These symptoms can appear early and usually last for several days.
• Chest pain – people usually feel tightness in the middle part of their chest. Often, this symptom is considered as indigestion problems. The chest pain may last for several minutes, disappear and return back again.
• Body aches – along with the chest pain, people often experience jaw, arms, abdomen, neck and back pain.
• Wheezing and shortness of breath
• Dizziness
• Cold sweats
• Nausea
• Anxiety
• Coughing
The above symptoms cannot be relieved with holistic treatments and medications that resolve them typically. So, if you take medications for indigestion and the symptoms return, you should know that the problem is in your heart.
These symptoms are usually more pronounced when you are doing some type of physical activity such as swimming, running, exercising and jogging.
Symptoms of a cardiac arrest
The symptoms that are experienced before cardiac arrest are usually similar to the symptoms of a heart attack:
• Weakness
• Blackouts
• Extreme irregularity of the heart beat
• Chest pain
• Shortness of breath
• Fainting
The symptoms which distinguish cardiac arrest from a heart attack are:
• Sudden collapse
• No response
• No pulse
• Loss of breath
All of these symptoms appear suddenly and cause instant death almost always.
Symptoms of a brain stroke
• Confusion – people who have suffered a brain stroke have difficulty in following a conversation and understanding things. These people cannot recall random facts, names and places that they usually know.
• Disrupted speech – the speech of a person who had a brain stroke is indistinct.
• Face, leg or arm paralysis – paralysis or numbness of one side of the face or the entire face may be experienced. Weakness, numbness or paralysis may also appear in the arms and legs. A person might be experiencing stroke if one side of the mouth drops when the person smiles. One arm may also fall down when the two arms lifted up.
• Inability to walk: dizziness and lack of coordination are experienced while walking.
• Blurred vision: blurred vision on one or both eyes, as well as double seeing may appear.
• Headaches – searing pain appears in the head which may be accompanied with vomiting and dizziness.
• Sweating
• Sickness
• Most people don’t have a mini stroke before a major stroke. However, 10% of people suffer a mini stroke, and a week after, they have a major stroke.

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